Electric Vehicle Charging Stations Across America: Mapped
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As the electric vehicle market continues to expand, having enough EV charging stations is important to enable longer driving distances and lower waiting times at the charger.
Currently, the US has about 140,000 public EV chargers distributed across nearly 53,000 charging stations, which are still far outnumbered by the country’s 145,000 gas fueling stations.
This graphic maps out EV charging stations across the US using data from the National Renewable Energy Lab. This map has an interactive feature when viewed on a desktop, showing the price structure and connector types when hovering over a charging station, and filtering options.
Which Countries Lead in EV Charging Infrastructure?
As seen in the map above, most electric vehicle charging stations in the US are located on the west and east coasts of the nation, while the Midwest strip is fairly barren aside from the state of Colorado.
California has the highest number of EV charging stations at 15,182, making an impressive 29% of all charging stations in America. In fact, the Golden State has almost twice as many chargers as the following three states, New York (3,085), Florida (2,858), and Texas (2,419) combined.
|Ranked||Country||Number of charging stations||Share US charging stations|
It’s no surprise that the top four states by GDP have the highest number of EV chargers, and California’s important lead is also unsurprising given its ambition to eliminate sales of new gas vehicles by 2035.
The Best States for EV Charging Speeds and Costs
Although the number of charging stations distributed in a state is important, two other factors determine the convenience of charging: cost and charger level availability.
The pricing structure of EV chargers and the availability of charger levels across the nation is a Wild West with no set rules and few clear expectations.
Find Free Electric Vehicle Chargers Across the United States
Generous electric vehicle charging locations will offer unlimited free charging or a time limit of between 30 minutes and 4 hours of free charging before payment is required. Some EV charging stations located in parking structures only require a parking fee, while others may have a flat charging fee per session, charge by kWh consumed, or have hourly rates.
While California leads in terms of the raw number of free chargers available in the country, it is actually the second worst of the top 10 states when it comes to sharing chargers, with only 11% free for 30 minutes or more.
|Ranked||Country name||The number of free charging stations||Share free charging stations in the country|
Meanwhile, Maryland leads with nearly 30% of chargers in the state offering a minimum of 30 minutes of free charging. On the other hand, Massachusetts is the stingiest state of the top 10, with only 6% of charging stations (150 total) in the state offering free charging to electric vehicle drivers.
United States and Best DC Fast Charger Availability
While free EV chargers are great, having access to fast chargers can be a problem, depending on how much you value your time. Most EV drivers in the United States will have access to a level 2 charger, with more than 86% of charging stations in the country having level 2 chargers.
Although level 2 charging (4-10 hours from empty to full charge) beats the snail’s pace of level 1 charging (40-50 hours from empty to full charge), between a busy schedule and many charging stations that are only free for the first 30 minutes, DC fast charger availability is almost a necessity.
Direct current fast chargers can charge electric vehicles from empty to 80% in 20-60 minutes but are only available at 12% of America’s EV charging stations today.
|Ranked||Country||Number of stations with DC fast charger available||Share DC fast charging stations in the states||Share free fast charging stations with DC in the state|
As with free stations, Maryland leads the top 10 states with the highest share of DC fast chargers at 16%. While Massachusetts is the worst state for DC charger availability at 6%, New York state is second worst at 8% despite its large number of chargers. All of the top 10 states have DC chargers available at at least one in 10 charging stations.
As for the holy grail of charging stations, with free charging and the availability of DC fast chargers, almost 1% of the country’s charging stations are there. So if you’re hoping for free fast charging with DC, the chance in most countries is about one in 100.
The Future of America’s EV Charging Infrastructure
As America moves toward Biden’s goal of having half of all new vehicles sold by 2030 be zero-emission vehicles (battery electric, plug-in hybrid electric, or fuel cell electric), charging infrastructure across the nation is critical to increasing access and convenience to driver
The Biden administration has given preliminary approval to 35 state EV infrastructure plans, giving them access to $900 million in funding as part of the $5 billion National Electric Vehicle Infrastructure Initiative (NEVI) Program that will be distributed over the next five years.
Along with this program, the $2.5 billion Discretionary Grant Program aims to increase access to EV charging in rural, undeserved, and overburdened communities, along with the Inflation Reduction Act’s $3 billion dedicated to support access to EV charging for economically disadvantaged communities.
With more than $10 billion being invested in EV charging infrastructure over the next five years and more than half of that amount focused on communities with current poor access, the availability of chargers across America is set to continue to increase in the coming years.