G20 leaders to agree draft communiqué rejecting ‘era of war’

World leaders say today’s era “doesn’t have to be war” and condemn threats to use nuclear weapons at the Group of 20 summit in Bali amid growing global anxiety over Russia’s war on Ukraine.

“A majority of members strongly condemn the war in Ukraine, which is causing enormous human suffering and exacerbating weaknesses in the global economy,” said a draft statement agreed by diplomats, seen by the Financial Times and approved by two delegations.

The language about the war and Moscow’s repeated nuclear talks is stronger than Western officials predicted and underscores growing anxiety in non-Western states about Vladimir Putin’s invasion and its far-reaching impact.

Xi Jinping, China’s president and Putin’s most important global ally, told other leaders that the G20 “must resolutely resist attempts to politicize food and energy issues or use them as weapons and instruments.” The failure of the war.

The Chinese leader said that the crisis in the food and energy markets was caused by “broken supply chains” and that “unilateral sanctions should be removed”. Western countries say Russia’s war has cut off Ukraine’s food supply, but Moscow blames Western sanctions for restricting its own shipments.

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Putin chose not to attend the summit in Bali, Indonesia, instead sending his foreign minister, Sergei Lavrov, who was scheduled to leave the event a day early on Tuesday night.

Western leaders used their opening remarks to call on other countries, which have refrained from publicly condemning Putin’s invasion, to pressure Moscow to end the conflict.

“The use or threat of nuclear weapons is unacceptable. Peaceful conflict resolution, crisis resolution efforts, and diplomacy and dialogue are critical. Today’s age should not be a war,” says the draft.

The statement was agreed by local representatives after a standoff between Western officials and officials from Russia and China on Monday night. It will be formally approved by G20 leaders on Wednesday, the second day of the summit.

The language of the document “represents a major diplomatic victory for us,” said a Western official involved in the negotiations.

Officials have previously warned that a Group of 20 meeting in Bali, Indonesia, could be the first to reach agreement on a joint statement as Western leaders try to rally support for Russia and Moscow to condemn the war and China’s support for Moscow. Condemnation of Moscow.

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The G20 “makes it clear that Russia’s war is wreaking havoc on people everywhere,” a senior US official said, adding that “countries in different parts of the world” are speaking out against the conflict.

The Indian delegation played a key role in reaching an agreement among member states on the language used to criticize the Russian invasion, three officials familiar with the negotiations said. The language of the draft statement echoed Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s words to Putin in September that “now is not the time for war.”

In a special video address to leaders on Tuesday morning, Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky reiterated his demands for the war and its impact on global food and energy markets, speaking clearly to Russia’s “G19 leaders.” For Moscow to withdraw its troops from the country.

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“I want this brutal Russian war to end justly in accordance with the UN Charter and international law,” he said. Zelenskyy added that Ukraine should not be given peace agreements that undermine its “conscience, sovereignty, state and independence”.

Lavrov remained in the room during Zeleski’s speech, and Western leaders remained as Lavrov said, according to those present.

The draft statement said the war in Ukraine is constraining growth, raising inflation, disrupting supply chains, increasing energy and food insecurity, and raising financial stability risks.

He added: “There were other views and different assessments of the situation and there were restrictions.”

Indonesian President Joko Widodo warned other leaders in his opening speech to the summit that “if the war does not stop, it will be difficult for us to fulfill our responsibilities in the future.”

Tuesday afternoon’s G20 leaders’ meeting will focus on global health, followed by a formal evening reception.

Additional report by Maqi Ding in Beijing, Edward White in Seoul and Demetri Sevastopoulos in Washington


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